Archivo de la categoría: Otros cuidados

Gymnema Herbal Tea for Diabeties

Gymnema Herbal Tea for Diabeties:

Gymnema Sylvestre is a woody, vine-like plant which climbs on bushes and trees. The medicinally active parts of the plant are the leaves and the roots. It came to be known as “destroyer of sugar” because,in ancient times, Ayurvedic physicians observed that chewing a few leaves of Gymnema sylvestre suppressed the taste of sugar. That is, sweet foods no longer tasted sweet, but rather became almost completely tasteless. In later generations, clinical tests showed that regular use over a period of three to four months helped to reduce glycosuria, or the appearance of carbohydrates in urine. Recent clinical trials conducted in India have shown that an extract of Gymnema sylvestre is useful for controling Blood Sugar.

As a result of these clinical tests and years of successful treatments, Gymnema sylvestre is used today for controling blood sugar levels. In reducing the symptom of glycosuria, the dried leaves are used in daily doses of three to four grams for a period of three months or more.

Studies conducted in India as early as 1930 showed that the leaves of Gymnema sylvestre cause hypoglycemia in experimental animals. This state of hypoglycemiais explained on the assumption that the drug indirectly stimulates the insulin secretion of the pancreas, since it has no direct effect on the carbohydrate metabolism.
How Gymnema sylvestre Works
Recent pharmacological and clinical studies have shown that Gymnema sylvestre acts on two sites:

* First, the taste buds in the oral cavity;
* Second, the absorptive surface to the intestines.

The structure of those taste buds which detect sugar in the mouth is similar to the structure of the tissue that absorbs sugar in the intestine. The important active ingredient of Gymnema sylvestre is an organic acid called “gymnemic acid.” The gymnemic acid is made up of molecules who seatom arrangement is similar to that of glucose molecules. Those molecules fill the receptor locations on the taste buds for a period of one to two hours, thereby preventing the taste buds from being activated by any sugar molecules present in the food. Similarly, the glucose-like molecules in the gymnemic acid fill the receptor locations in the absorptive external layers of the intestine, thereby preventing the intestine from absorbing the sugar molecules.

It has also been noted that Gymnema sylvestre takes away the bitter taste of bitter substances, such as quinine, in much the same way that it affects the sense of sweetness associated with candies and other sweet foods. However, it has no effect on pungent, salty, astringent or acidic tastes. Therefore, if you are eating an orange within two hours after chewing Gymnema sylvestre leaves, for instance, you would taste the sourness of it but not the sweetness.
Practical Uses
# The benefits of Gymnema sylvestre are two-fold: By suppressing the taste of sweet foods, the desire to eat them is also suppressed. Picture a luscious-looking large piece of chocolate candy, which you know, despite the tempting look, is not sweet. Why bother to eat it? It is important to remember that this effect of Gymnema sylvestre’s will last for only one to two hours. If you are using the herb to break the sugar habit, then it would be wise to take some Gymnema sylvestre before social events or other times when you might be tempted to dive into the tray of sweets.
# Gymnema sylvestre significantly reduces the metabolic effects of sugar by preventing the intestines from absorbing the sugar molecules during the process of digestion. Because there is a change in the absorption of sugar, there is a consequent change in the blood sugar level.

Gymnema Sylvestre herb – Complete Information on Gymnema

Gymnema Sylvestre herb – Complete Information on Gymnema:

Gymnema Sylvestre

gymnema sylvestre sylvestris diabetea gurmar meshashringiGymnema Sylvestre, also known as Gurmar and Meshashringi, whose Hindi name literally means ‘sugar destroyer’, has been used in Ayurveda for several centuries to regulate sugar metabolism.

The hypoglycemic (blood sugar-lowering) action of gymnema leaves was first documented in the late 1920s. This action is gradual in nature, differing from the rapid effect of many prescription hypoglycemic drugs. Gymnema leaves raise insulin levels by regeneration of the cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin. Other research has shown that gymnema also improves uptake of glucose into cells by increasing the activity of the glucose utilizing enzymes, and prevents adrenaline from stimulating the liver to produce glucose, thereby reducing blood sugar levels. The leaves are also noted for lowering serum cholesterol and triglycerides. It also abolishes the taste of sugar, which effectively suppresses and neutralizes the craving for sweets. The leaf extracts contain gymnemic acid which inhibits hyperglycemia and also acts as a cardiovascular stimulant.

The primary clinical application for this botanical is as an antidiabetic agent. Gymnema has been the subject of considerable research since the 1930s, with promising results for types 1 and 2 diabetes. Gymnema has been successful in controlling the blood sugar level without reducing it to below the normal blood sugar level, an effect seen with the use of insulin or oral hypoglycemic sulphonylurea compounds. Gymnema provides a simple and effective method to help maintain healthy glucose levels. Gymnema contains Gymnemic acid (GA), quercitol, lupeol, �-amyrin and stigmasterol, which have glucose lowering properties. It works safely within your current regimen to promote proper pancreatic function.
Gymnema – Pure Extract (250 mg – 60 Capsules)
Gymnema – Pure Extract (250 mg – 60 Capsules)
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ACTION
- Promotes regeneration of beta cells responsible for releasing insulin in the pancreas
- Prevents adrenaline from stimulating the liver to produce glucose
- Lowers serum cholesterol and triglycerides
- Neutralizes the craving for sweets by abolishing the taste of sugar
- Overall, Gymnema normalizes blood sugar levels without the use of insulin or oral compounds

SIZE
Available in a pack of 60 capsules (250 mg). Does not contain added sugar, salt, artificial colors, flavors or preservatives.

SUGGESTED USE
Take 1 or 2 capsules twice daily with meals. Allow several weeks for benefits. The use of natural products provides progressive but long-lasting results.

SIDE EFFECTS
None

DRUG INTERACTIONS
If taking with other anti-diabetic medications, please monitor your blood sugar levels closely as there is a risk of blood sugar levels dropping below normal.

CONTRAINDICATIONS
None

OTHER GYMNEMA PRODUCTS
Gymnema is the pure extract of one herb. It is also available in the following herbal blends as one of the main ingredients:
GlucoCare – Natural Herbal Blend (595 mg – 120 Tablets)
LeanCare – Natural Herbal Blend (480 mg – 60 Capsules)

Frequently Asked Questions About Gymnema

What is Gymnema?
Gymnema or Gymnema Sylvestre is often referred to as �sugar destroyer� and has been used in Ayurveda since the 6th century B. C. It has been shown to have a regenerative effect on pancreatic beta cells while curbing a person�s craving for sweets.

Who can take Gymnema?
Gymnema is typically recommended for people who have trouble taming their sweet tooth and who are either borderline diabetic or waging a war against Type II diabetes. When there a high level of blood sugar, the body produces more insulin, which is the hormone that helps shuttle blood sugar into the cells of the body. But as too much insulin is produced, the cells become resistant to it – a condition known as insulin resistance. When that happens, blood sugar remains high. Many people who have insulin resistance gain weight, no matter what their diet. In such cases, Gymnema may help by improving the cells� uptake of blood sugar and helping the body utilize it.

Is Gymnema addictive?
No, Gymnema does not contain any addictive components and can be taken without fear of addiction for extended periods of time.

Are there any side effects to taking Gymnema?
No side effects have been reported, but researchers have not established whether this herb is absolutely safe for pregnant women or during lactation.

Can Gymnema be taken along with other pharmaceutical medication?
It is advisable to use caution when taking Gymnema along with other pharmaceutical medication (oral hypoglycemics or insulin) for diabetes. The combination of gymnema and these medications can lower blood-sugar levels to potentially risky levels. If you are already taking diabetes medication, it is extremely important to work with a physician before supplementing with gymnema because the physician needs to closely monitor blood-sugar levels. In many instances, your doctor will need to lower the dosage of the pharmaceutical medication you are on.

What kind of action does Gymnema have on the body?
Gymnema has the ability to lower blood sugar levels, improve the body�s ability to metabolize and respond to insulin and regenerate the pancreas, although results depend on how advanced the condition is the extent to which medical management and monitoring is essential. Gymnema decreases insulin needs by 45-75% and helps lower blood sugar and triglycerides. Further, gymnema reduces craving for sugar and blocks the ability to taste sweets for 3 hours, although it does not completely destroy all sense of taste. In type II diabetes, gymnema improves insulin�s effects and can even substitute for oral sugar-lowering drugs.

How can I test if Gymnema really blocks one�s ability to taste sweets?
A taste test can show how Gymnema works. First taste something sweet. Then, take one dosage of Gymnema. Now, taste something sweet again. You will not be able to taste the sugar because Gymnema has blocked the taste of the sugar in your mouth in the same way it blocks sugar in digestion.

What are the benefits of taking Gymnema?
Gymnema is an herb that reduces blood sugar levels after sugar consumption. It has a molecular structure similar to that of sugar that can block absorption of up to 50% of dietary sugar calories. Gymnema can be taken for:
- Diabetes
- Hypoglycemia
- Weight Management
- Cholesterol
- Anemia
- Digestion

How long do I have take Gymnema before I see any results?
Herbal medicines provide progressive, long-term benefits. Certain classes of herbs work well in acute conditions to provide quick relief, however herbs like Gymnema need to be taken for at least 3-4 weeks before the benefits of taking it can be experienced. Optimally, it can take anywhere between 6 months and 2 years to experience the full range of benefits. Individual results can vary, depending on the nature and seriousness of the condition for which Gymnema is being consumed.

Have any studies been done on Gymnema?
In one controlled study, a standardized gymnema extract was given to 27 people with Type I diabetes, all receiving a dosage of 400 mg daily for periods ranging from 6 months to 2 and � years. 37 of the other people in the study continued to take the usual insulin therapy without the addition of gymnema. Among those who took the herbal extract, researchers found that insulin requirements fell off dramatically. In addition, there was a statistically significant decrease in the blood sugar markers that tests long-term blood sugar. Those in the control group showed no significant decreases in blood sugar or insulin requirements.

In a second study, 22 people with Type II diabetes were given 400 mg of gymnema extract every day for 18 to 20 months while they also continued to get their usual medication for hypoglycemia. Average blood sugar levels improved significantly in the group, along with another sugar related factor (glycosylated hemoglobin). Results also showed that there was an increase in pancreatic release of insulin among the people who got gymnema. People in the study were able to reduce their medication, and five were able to discontinue their drugs completely.

Is Gymnema a standardized herbal medicine?
Himalaya Healthcare Company has solved the riddle of ensuring consistency of performance for herbal remedies through full control of all stages of production from growing the herbs on their own farms to adhering to pharma Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and stringent quality controls. Every Himalaya Pure Herb, including Gymnema, is fingerprinted using the most sophisticated chromatographic techniques to consistently maintain the highest quality.

What is the difference between the pure herb, Gymnema, and herbal blends that contain Gymnema as a primary ingredient?
Himalaya Pure Herbs is a line of clinically proven traditional herbs from The Himalaya Drug Company. The Himalaya Pure Herbs range delivers to you the best of a rich Indian pharmacopoeia in a convenient capsule form. Each Pure Herb capsule contains the goodness of the entire Gymnema plant and all its attendant benefits. On the other hand, herbal blends, like GlucoCare, that contain Gymnema as the primary ingredient fulfill essentially all of the functions that Gymnema individually does, but include other herbs that address different aspects of glucose metabolism. For most consumers, it is often a matter of choice when deciding between Pure Herbs and Herbal blends.

Which is more important when shopping for herbal medicines – safety, effectiveness, or bioequivalence?
We recognize that, for most consumers, the real issue is less one of safety and effectiveness of herbal remedies in general and more one of the quality of the specified product. The real issue for the consumer is the question of bioequivalence: is the product in front of me going to be bioequivalent to the one I have been reading about and deliver the results I expect?

Why buy Himalaya Gymnema when there are countless other brands available on the market?
It is important that you, as a consumer, look for products that have not only been researched clinically but are also �fingerprinted� to guarantee that �the science is in the pill�. Himalaya, in fact, pioneered �fingerprinting� as the way to achieve consistency of performance of herbal remedies. Fingerprinting refers to perfectly matching the entire phytoconstituent profile of the plant between the product on the market and the reference or standard on which the science has been generated. In other words, �fingerprinting� the entire make-up of the herbal product is the only way to verify bioequivalence. Most companies that manufacture herbal medicines are not equipped nor care to perform such fingerprinting. Consequently for the consumer, most products on the market cannot truly make the claims they make because the bioequivalence of their herbal products has not been conclusively established through a match of their phytoconstituent profiles with the reference.

SCIENTIFIC VALIDATION
Gymnema has been scientifically validated by many clinical studies. Its formula has been subjected to the modern scrutiny of clinical testing to prove its benefits in gently addressing your health concerns, and its quality is controlled by the most sophisticated chromatographic “fingerprinting” techniques.

Bitter Melon herb for Diabetes – Complete Information on Bitter Melon

Bitter Melon herb for Diabetes – Complete Information on Bitter Melon:

Bitter Melon – Glycemic and Diabetes Control

bitter melon fruit extractBitter Melon, also known as Karela or Momordica Charantia is a herb that helps regulate blood sugar levels and keeps body functions operating normally. It contains Gurmarin, a polypeptide considered to be similar to bovine insulin, which has been shown in experimental studies to achieve a positive sugar regulating effect by suppressing the neural response to sweet taste stimuli. Karela’s principle constituents are lectins, charantin and momordicine. The fruits have long been used in India as a folk remedy for diabetes mellitus. Lectins from the bitter gourd have shown significant antilipolytic and lipogenic activities.

The fruits and leaves of the plant contain two alkaloids, one of them being momordicine. The plant is reported to contain a glucoside, a saponin-like substance, a resin with an unpleasant taste, an aromatic volatile oil and a mucilage. The seeds contain an alkaloid (m.p. 236�) and an anthelmintic principle in the germ; they also contain urease. The fruits, leaves and extracts of Momordica charantia possess pharmacological properties and medicinal uses. It is useful as an emetic, purgative, in bilious affections, burning soles of the feet, as an anthelmentic, in piles, leprosy, jaundice, as a vermifuge, astringent in hemorrhoids, as a stomachic, antispasmodic, antioxytocic, hypoglycemic, antipyretic, mild hypotensive, anorectic and for the potentiation of ACh, histamine and BaCI2 induced contractions and inhibition of ACh of skeletal muscle.

Clinical Studies p-Insulin was tested in a controlled clinical trial. In juvenile diabetics, the peak hypoglycemic effect was observed after 1-8 hrs; in patients with maturity onset diabetes, maximum fall in blood sugar level was noted after 12 hrs. Karela or Bitter Melon has also been reported to show hypocholesteroemic activity.
Bitter Melon – Pure Extract (250 mg – 60 Capsules)
Bitter Melon – Pure Extract (250 mg – 60 Capsules)
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ACTION
- Helps achieve positive sugar regulating effect by suppressing the neural response to sweet taste stimuli
- Useful in treating Diabetes Mellitus
- Lectins from bitter gourd have shown significant antilipolytic and lipogenic activities
- It is useful as an emtic, purgative, as an anthelmentic, in piles, leprosy, and jaundice

SIZE
Available in a pack of 60 capsules (250 mg). Does not contain added sugar, salt, artificial colors, flavors or preservatives.

SUGGESTED USE
Take 1 or 2 capsules twice daily with meals. Allow several weeks for benefits. The use of natural products provides progressive but long-lasting results.

SIDE EFFECTS
None

DRUG INTERACTIONS
If taking with other anti-diabetic medications, please monitor your blood sugar levels closely as there is a risk of blood sugar levels dropping below normal.

CONTRAINDICATIONS
None

OTHER BITTER MELON PRODUCTS
Bitter Melon is the pure extract of one herb. It is also available in the following herbal blends as one of the main ingredients:
GlucoCare – Natural Herbal Blend (595 mg – 120 Tablets)
LeanCare – Natural Herbal Blend (480 mg – 60 Capsules)

SCIENTIFIC VALIDATION
Bitter Melon has been scientifically validated by many clinical studies. Its formula has been subjected to the modern scrutiny of clinical testing to prove its benefits in gently addressing your health concerns, and its quality is controlled by the most sophisticated chromatographic “fingerprinting” techniques.

Guggul herb – Complete Information on Guggul and Guggulipid

Guggul herb – Complete Information on Guggul and Guggulipid:

Guggul Gugulipid Herb

guggul guggulu guggulipid lipid guggulmax gugglesterone guggle steronesGuggul, also known as Commiphora Mukul and Guggulipid, is a very effective herbal medicine for controlling obesity and cholesterol. It is a well established fat burning agent all over the world and is currently becoming very popular in America, Japan, Europe and many other western nations. Guggul is a resin known to increase white blood cell counts and possess strong disinfecting properties. It has long been known to lower cholesterol and triglycerides, while maintain or improve the HDL to LDL ratio. It is one of the very first “broad spectrum drugs” with a wide therapeutic range. A broad mode of action makes this herb very helpful even in protecting against ailments such as common cold, and various skin, dental and ophthalmic infections.

One of the most famous herbs in Ayurvedic medicine, Guggul possesses strong purifying and rejuvenating powers. People today most commonly use it to benefit from Guggul’s lipid regulating and immunomodulating properties. It has been shown that Guggul can lower blood cholesterol by 14-27% and can lower triglycerides by 22-30%. The effects that Himalaya’s Guggul has on the blood cholesterol levels is comparable to prescription medications but, being a natural plant extract, it is a far superior and much safer product. Guggul works on the liver by increasing the metabolism (or break down) of the bad cholesterol known as LDL Cholesterol. After taking the product for 4 to 12 weeks, total cholesterol levels can drop, triglyceride levels can drop and an increase in HDL (the good cholesterol) of approximately 16% can occur. Its benenfits as a weight-loss and fat burning agent have been well researched and documented in several studies.
Guggul – Pure Extract (250 mg – 60 Capsules)
Guggul – Pure Extract (250 mg – 60 Capsules)
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ACTION
- Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides, while maintaining or improving HDL to LDL ratio
- Very effective as a weight-loss and fat burning agent
- Used commonly for its lipid regulating and immunomodulating properties
- Has a very wide therapeutic range
- Increases white blood cell counts and possesses strong disinfecting properties

SIZE
Available in a pack of 60 capsules (250 mg). Does not contain added sugar, salt, artificial colors, flavors or preservatives.

SUGGESTED USE
Take 1 or 2 capsules twice daily with meals. Allow several weeks for benefits. The use of natural products provides progressive but long-lasting results.

SIDE EFFECTS
None

DRUG INTERACTIONS
None

CONTRAINDICATIONS
None

OTHER GUGGUL PRODUCTS
Guggul is the pure extract of one herb. It is also available in the following herbal blends as one of the main ingredients:
HeartCare – Natural Herbal Blend (840 mg – 60 Tablets)
LeanCare – Natural Herbal Blend (480 mg – 60 Capsules)
JointCare – Natural Herbal Blend (380 mg – 60 Capsules)
ImmunoCare – Natural Herbal Blend (875 mg – 60 Tablets)
OsteoCare – Natural Herbal Blend (450 mg – 60 Capsules)

Frequently Asked Questions About Guggul

What is Guggul?
Guggul or Commiphora Guggul is one of the oldest and most famous herbs in ayurvedic medicine. It possesses strong purifying and rejuvenating properties and its lipid regulating and immunomodulating properties are especially beneficial.

Who can take Guggul?
Because herbal medicines are relatively mild and gentle on the human body, Guggul can be taken by practically everyone, regardless of age and gender. Guggul can be taken by people for:
- Weight Management
- Lowering Cholesterol
- Improving Circulation
- Relief from Arthritis pain
- Treating Boils
- Eczema
- Menstrual Pain (Relieves it)
- Dermatitis
- Psoriasis
- Skin rashes

Is Guggul addictive?
Guggul made by Himalaya Healthcare does not contain any addictive components. It is safe to use Guggul for extended periods of time without fear of addiction.

Are there any side effects to taking Guggul?
There are no known serious side effects to taking Guggul. It is non-toxic and well-tolerated. However, prolonged use may be associated with mild stomach upset. It may stimulate the thyroid and uterus, so it is best to avoid in cases of hyperthyroidism and pregnancy.

Can Guggul be taken along with other pharmaceutical medication?
It is not advisable to combine guggul with cholesterol-lowering pharmaceutical medication, although the interaction with such drugs has not been studied in detail.

What kind of action does Guggul have on the body?
Guggul has traditionally been used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat obesity, lipid disorders, and rheumatoid arthritis. It is useful in the treatment of arteriosclerosis, while reducing existing plaque in arteries. In terms of obesity, Guggul increases body�s metabolic rate, improves thyroid function, increases fat-burning activity of the body, and increases thermogenesis or heat production. Guggul helps to lower cholesterol and triglycerides. It has been shown to reduce total cholesterol up to 30% in 3 months. Guggul�s cholesterol regulating properties are especially important in reducing LDL by 35% and increasing HDL by 20% in 12 weeks. Guggul decreases platelet stickiness and reduces risk of heart disease and stroke.

What are the benefits of taking Guggul?
- Guggul increased HDL cholesterol, which is needed by the body and lowers LDL cholesterol.
- It lowers triglyceride levels.
- It relaxes the muscles which helps relieve menstrual pain.
- It acts as a blood detoxifier which breaks up stagnation in the body.
- It is a heart tonic that strengthens the heart.

How long do I have take Guggul before I see any results?
Herbal medicines provide progressive, long-term benefits. Certain classes of herbs work well in acute conditions to provide quick relief, however herbs like Guggul usually take 3-4 weeks before you can experience the full benefits of taking it. Individual results can vary, depending on the nature and seriousness of the condition for which Guggul is being consumed.

Have any studies been done on Guggul?
One 12-week study demonstrated that 1500 milligrams of guggulipid had average reduction in serum cholesterol of nearly 22%, while triglycerides were reduced about 25% in people who took it regularly. Another study showed that guggulipid works best for people who have high cholesterol reading of the type IIb (increased LDL, VLDL, and triglycerides) and type IV (increased VLDL and triglycerides). A third study involving 233 people with elevated cholesterol or triglycerides levels (or both) showed that guggulipid worked better than the cholesterol-lowering drug Clofibrate. People taking guggul had the added benefit of seeing some improvements in HDL, the �good cholesterol� – an effect that was not in evidence with the pharmaceutical.

Is Guggul a standardized herbal medicine?
Himalaya Healthcare Company has solved the riddle of ensuring consistency of performance for herbal remedies through full control of all stages of production from growing the herbs on their own farms to adhering to pharma Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and stringent quality controls. Every Himalaya Pure Herb, including Guggul, is fingerprinted using the most sophisticated chromatographic techniques to consistently maintain the highest quality.

What is the difference between the pure herb, Guggul, and herbal blends that contain Guggul as a primary ingredient?
Himalaya Pure Herbs is a line of clinically proven traditional herbs from The Himalaya Drug Company. The Himalaya Pure Herbs range delivers to you the best of a rich Indian pharmacopoeia in a convenient capsule form. Each Pure Herb capsule contains the goodness of the entire Guggul plant and all its attendant benefits. On the other hand, herbal blends, like HeartCare and GlucoCare, that contain Guggul as the primary ingredient fulfill essentially all of the functions that Guggul individually does, but include other herbs that address different aspects of cholesterol and glucose metabolism respectively. For most consumers, it is often a matter of choice when deciding between Pure Herbs and Herbal blends.

Which is more important when shopping for herbal medicines – safety, effectiveness, or bioequivalence?
We recognize that, for most consumers, the real issue is less one of safety and effectiveness of herbal remedies in general and more one of the quality of the specified product. The real issue for the consumer is the question of bioequivalence: is the product in front of me going to be bioequivalent to the one I have been reading about and deliver the results I expect?

Why buy Himalaya Guggul when there are countless other brands available on the market?
It is important that you, as a consumer, look for products that have not only been researched clinically but are also �fingerprinted� to guarantee that �the science is in the pill�. Himalaya, in fact, pioneered �fingerprinting� as the way to achieve consistency of performance of herbal remedies. Fingerprinting refers to perfectly matching the entire phytoconstituent profile of the plant between the product on the market and the reference or standard on which the science has been generated. In other words, �fingerprinting� the entire make-up of the herbal product is the only way to verify bioequivalence. Most companies that manufacture herbal medicines are not equipped nor care to perform such fingerprinting. Consequently for the consumer, most products on the market cannot truly make the claims they make because the bioequivalence of their herbal products has not been conclusively established through a match of their phytoconstituent profiles with the reference.

SCIENTIFIC VALIDATION
Guggul has been scientifically validated by many clinical studies. Its formula has been subjected to the modern scrutiny of clinical testing to prove its benefits in gently addressing your health concerns, and its quality is controlled by the most sophisticated chromatographic “fingerprinting” techniques.

Plantas Medicinales y Diabetes 1

Plantas Medicinales y Diabetes:

Mormodica charantia

Los frutos de la Mormodica charantia son ampliamente utilizados en Asia y Australia para tratar la diabetes. En la India, se administran comprimidos a base de esta planta con fines profilácticos. En Centro America se emplean con el mismo objetivo las hojas de la M. charantia. El consumo de 50 ml de una infusión a base de esta planta redujo los niveles de glucosa después de una dosis de 50 g de glucosa oral en un 20% en pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2. La administración de esta infusión durantre 2 a 3 meses produjo los mismos resultados beneficiosos y pruebas de laboratorio realizados en animales sanos y diabéticos por aloxano han originadop resultados similares. Aunque la M. charantia no aumenta la secreción de insulina in vivo, pero sí estimula la secreción de insulina in vitro en islotes aislados. Además hay pruebas de que esta planta inhibe la gluconeogenesis hepática. Se ha dicho que la M.charantia contiene un peptido insulino-mimético que sería el responsable de los efecos hipoglucemiantes el extracto cuando este se inyecta subcutáneamente, pero es poco probable que este sea el responsable del efecto de la planta cuando el extracto se administra por vía oral. Se han aislado de la M. charantia varios glucósidos, entre ellos la carantina y b-sitosterol-glucósidos, ninguno de los cuales tiene actividad hipoglucemiante. El fraccionado del extracto etanólico ha demostrado que existen dos fracciones activas: una que ejerce un rápido efecto hipoglucémico y otra de efecto retardado que se encuentra en la fracción rica en alcaloides.

La Mormodica foetida, una planta empleada sobre todo en Africa Occidental para la diabetes contiene también varios glucósidos capaces de reducir los niveles de glucosa en conejos normales. Esta planta contiene tambien la carantina además de otras sustancias no identificadas.

Gymnena sylecvestre

Ya en el siglo IV antes de Cristo, el médico indio Susruta describió la Gymnema sylecvestre para la diabetes. Esta planta se sigue empleando en la actualidad y sus efectos se pueden observar en animales sanos y diabéticos por aloxano pero no en animales pancreatectomizados. El efecto hipoglucemiante ha sido atribuído a un glucósido no identificado que actúa mejorando los glucogénesis, el metabolismo proteico y la actividad de algunas enzima que dependen de la insulina como la hexoquinasa y la glucógeno-sintasa. Sin embargo, algunos estudios clínicos realizados en el hombre han mostrado que los extractos de esta planta inhiben o reducen el sentido del gusto.

Vaccinium myrtillus (arándano)

Las hojas del arándano fueron muy utilizadas antes de que la insulina estuviera generalizada para el tratamiento de la diabetes, habiéndose extraído un glucósido, la neomirtilina. El extracto de arándano era capaz de reducir la glucosuria y la hiperglucemia postprandial en la mayor parte de los diabéticos de tipo 2 pero era ineficaz en la diabetes juvenil. Se ha comprobado que el extracto de arándano aumenta el efecto hipoglucémico de la insulina exógena y reduce las necesidades de esta hormona, lo que sugiere que existe algún principio activo que mejora la acción de la insulina. Aunque no existen estudios controlados que lo comprueben , la medicina tradicional afirma que el extracto de arándano es eficaz y no ocasiona efectos secundarios cuando se administra de forma crónica.

Cyamopsis tetragonolobus (haba india)

El haba india ha sido utilizada en la medicina asiática en el tratamiento de sujetos con diabetes. Las semillas de esat planta contienen goma guar, un poligalactomanano que actuaría a nivel intestinal retardando la absorción de la glucosa. Además, al parecer, estas semillas contienen también alguna sustancia con actividad hipoglucemiante, pero esta no ha sido todavía identificada.

Gimnema

Gimnema:

Gimnema

(Gymnema)

Nombres comunes: Gurmarbooti, Gurmar

Nombre científico: Gymnema sylvestre

* Beneficioso para
* Cómo funciona
* Dosis recomendada
* Efectos Secundarios y Contraindicaciones
* Referencias

Gymnema sylvestre es una planta leñosa trepadora que crece en los bosques tropicales del centro y el sur de la India. Las hojas se usan en preparaciones de herbolaria. G. sylvestre se llama en sánscrito meshasringi, que quiere decir “cuerno de carnero”. Las hojas, al masticarlas, interfieren con la capacidad de percibir el sabor dulce, lo que explica su nombre en hindi: gurmar “destructor de azúcar”.

Se utiliza en relación con lo siguiente (consulte la inquietud de salud particular para obtener información completa):
Clasificación Inquietudes de salud
2estrellas

Diabetes

3estrellas Información científica confiable y relativamente consistente que muestra un beneficio importante para la salud.

2estrellas Estudios contradictorios, insuficientes o preliminares que sugieren la existencia de algún beneficio para la salud, aunque sea mínimo.

1estrella La hierba está respaldada principalmente por el uso tradicional, o bien, la hierba o el suplemento tienen poco respaldo científico o presentan un beneficio mínimo para la salud.
¿Cómo funciona?

Se piensa que las hojas de Gimnema aumentan los niveles de insulina, según los estudios realizados en voluntarios sanos. Los resultados de los estudios en animales sugieren que esto podría deberse a la regeneración de las células pancreáticas que secretan insulina. Otros estudios en animales muestran que la gimnema también mejora la captación de glucosa en las células e impide que la adrenalina estimule al hígado para producir glucosa, lo que aumenta los niveles de azúcar en sangre. El constituyente específico de las hojas de gimnema responsable de este efecto reductor de los niveles de azúcar en sangre aún no se ha establecido definitivamente.

Las hojas de gimnema también pueden reducir ligeramente el colesterol y los triglicéridos. Se ha demostrado que la gurmarina y el ácido gimnémico bloquean la capacidad de percibir el sabor dulce en el hombre.
¿Cuál es la dosis usual?

* En los estudios clínicos realizados en la India se usaron 400 mg al día de un extracto hidrosoluble de una fracción ácida de las hojas de gimnema, conocida como GS4.

* En personas con diabetes tipo 2, el uso continuo durante periodos de hasta 18 a 24 meses tuvo resultados positivos. En personas con diabetes tipo 1 (aparición juvenil), se usó con éxito una cantidad similar, conjuntamente con la administración de insulina. El extracto utilizado en estos estudios contiene aproximadamente 2,990 ácidos gimnémicos.

* La gimnema debe usarse después de consultar a un médico, ya que es posible que sea necesario reducir los niveles de insulina mientras se usa esta planta.

* Tradicionalmente, se usan hasta 4 gramos de las hojas trituradas al día.

¿Existen efectos secundarios o contraindicaciones?

* Cuando se usa en las cantidades indicadas, la gimnema suele ser segura y no produce efectos secundarios.

* No se ha determinado la seguridad de la gimnema durante el embarazo y la lactancia.

* Las personas con diabetes tipo 2 sólo deben usar la gimnema para reducir los niveles de azúcar en sangre bajo la supervisión de un profesional sanitario.

* La gimnema no puede utilizarse en lugar de la insulina para controlar el azúcar en sangre de personas con diabetes tipo 1 o tipo 2.

¿Existen interacciones con algún medicamento? Algunos medicamentos pueden interactuar con gimnema. Para su seguridad consulte las interacciones con fármacos, para ver una lista de estos medicamentos.

Plantas Medicinales y Diabetes 3

Plantas Medicinales y Diabetes:

PLANTAS ANECDOTICAMENTE HIPOGLUCEMIANTES

En America del Norte se ha recomendado un exctracto de Ruta graveolens para el tratamiento de la diabetes, pero su eficacia no ha sido confirmada. La R. graveolens se añade en pequeñas cantidades a bebidas y alimentos como condimento, pero su uso en grandes cantidades es irritante para la piel y abortivo, por lo que no se recomienda a mujeres embarazadas. La R. graveolens contiene grandes cantidades de rutina, un principio actico beneficioso para los pacientes con desórdenes cardiovasculares además de diabetes.

En America de Norte también se utiliza el té de estragón (Artemisia dracunculus) que también contiene elevadas proporciones de rutina.

En Europa, las infusiones de lengua de pájaro (Polygonum aviculare) y otras hierbas de la misma familia han sido descritas como hipoglucemiantes, pero no se han obtenido hasta ahora pruebas de su actuividad. El té de Xiaoke, una infusión muy popular en China ha mostrado reducir los niveles de glucosa en animales con diabetes inducida por estreptozotocina, pero no en otros modelos animales.

Otras plantes que tradicionalmente han sido empleadas en la diabetes pero con las que no se han observado efecto apreciables en pruebas de laboratorio incluyen el anacardo (Anacardium ocidentale), el diente de león (Taraxacum officinale), el sambuco (Sambucus niger), la salvia (Salvia officinale) o el regaliz (Glycyrhizza glabra). Sin embargo, la ausencia de efectos hipoglucemiantes en un modelo de diabetes no excluyen que puedan ser activos en otro modelo

PLANTAS UTILES EN LAS COMPLICACIONES DE LA DIABETES

Es posible que algunas plantas hayan adquirido la reputación de antidiabéticas no por tener unos efectos hipoglucemiantes por si mismas sino por aliviar los síntomas de las complicaciones asociadas a esta enfermedad. Algunas de las plantas, en principio útiles para tratar las complicaciones de la diabetes son:
COMPLICACION PLANTA
Polidipsia

Panax ginseng, Polygonatum officinale
Emaciación

Allium sativum, Cichorum intybus
Aterosclerosis Allium cepa, Allium sativum, Panax ginseng, Taraxacum officinale, Trigonella foenumgraecum
Retinopatía Daucus carrotam Vaccinium myrtillusm Taraxacum officinale
Nefropatía Lycium chinensis
Impotencia Coriandrum sativum, Crocus sativa, panax ginseng, Papaver somniferum

Plantas Medicinales y Diabetes

Plantas Medicinales y Diabetes:

Los efectos hipoglucemiantes de la Coccinia indica (una especie de calabaza trepadora) han sido demostrados en un estudio en doble ciego con pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2. La administración de 6 comprimidos diarios un hojas secas de esta planta redujo los niveles de glucosa en ayunas en un 20% en 6 semanas, mejorando también la tolerancia a la glucosa. De igual forma, el extracto alcohólico de la Coccinia indica, disminuyó las concentraciones basales de glucosa en el conejo en un 50% cuando se administró en dosis de 1.25 g/kg. No se ha caracterizado todavía el alcaloide responsable de este efecto.

Plantas Medicinales y Diabetes 4

Visto en Plantas Medicinales y Diabetes:

PLANTAS ANTIDIABETICAS CON PRINCIPIOS ACTIVOS SIN CARACTERIZAR

Un cierto número de plantas tradicionalmente utilizadas como antidiabéticas han mostrado actividad hipoglucémica en animales de laboratorio o en el hombre, aunque no se han identificado todavía el o los agentes responsables

La seta común (Agaricus bisporus) es considerada como un valioso adyuvante dietético en Europa. Sus efectos hipoglucemiantes han sido demostrados en ela ratón con diabetes inducida por estreptozotocina. El consumo de A. bisporus mejora la sensibilidad a la insulina y extractos de esta seta añadidos a cultivos de islotes in vitro estimulan la secreción de insulina. Otras setas utilizadas en la diabetes incluyen la Corinus comatus que reduce los niveles de glucosa en ratas normales y diabéticas y la Amanita phalloides con efectos hipoglucemiantes en voluntarios sanos. Los efectos tóxicos de la Amanita phalloides se debe a una neuroglucopenia subsiguiente a una necrosis hepática y depleción de la glucógeno hepático.

El extracto de acuoso de tallos de Opuntia stracantha reduce los niveles de glucosa en ayunas de pacientes con diabetes de tipo 2 y en conejos aloxanizados, pero es ineficaz en sujetos normales. En los diabéticos, después de la ingestión de 500 g de extracto se observó una reducción del 18% en los niveles de glucosa con una reducción del 50% en las concentraciones plasmáticas de insulina, lo que indica que esta planta ejerce un efecto antidiabético de una forma extrapancreática.

La Lythrum salicaria mostró un efecto hipoglucemiante en conejos normales, doblando las concentraciones de insulina. La Tinospora crispa también actúa incrementando las concentraciones de insulina, mediante un efecto directo estimulante sobre las células b pancreáticas, tal como se observa cuando se añaden extractos acuosos de esta planta a cultivos de islotes.

La judía común (Phaseolus vulgaris) masticadas en crudo fueron utilizadas antes de la llegada de la insulina y, en efecto, los extractos acuosos de las semillas muestran un efecto hipoglucemiante en los ratones y conejos con diabetes producida por aloxano.

Las dietas a base de vegetales recomendadas antiguamente han mostrado tener un elevado contenido en carbohidratos ricos en fibras y su efecto retardando la absorción de la glucosa puede justificar sus propiedades antidiabéticas. Sin embargo, algunos de los vegetales utilizados en estas dietas como la lechuga (Letuca sativa), la berza (Brassica oleracea) o la patata (Solanum tuberosa) contienen además algún componente hipoglucemiante ya que sus extractos exentos de fibra son capaces de reducir los niveles elevados de glucosa después de su administración intraperitoneal a animales de laboratorio. Los tallos del maíz (Zea mays) contienen una fracción rica en minerales con actividad hipoglucemiante y grandes cantidades de ácidos indolacético, giberélico y abscisico con una modesta actividad hipglucemiante.

Otras plantas utilizadas como antidiabéticas en la medicina tradicional y que han mostrado una actividad hipoglucemiante en animales de laboratorio son las hojas de Agrimonia eupatoria (agrimonia) y de Eucaliptus globulus (eucalipto), las semillas de Coriandrum sativum (cilandro) y las bayas del enebro (Juniperus communis). La infusión de hojas de zarzamora (Rubus fructicosus) es hipoglucemiante en los animales con diabetes inducida por aloxano pero ineficaces en la diabetes inducida por

Perdida de pierzas dentales, la diabetes una causa reconocida

Researchers Find Nine Risk Indicators For Tooth Loss, Including Diabetes
Posted on November 11, 2005 – 11:04pm.

Chicago – Severe periodontal disease causes tooth loss and affects a certain group of people that appear to exhibit increased susceptibility to periodontal destruction, according to a study that appeared in the November Journal of Periodontology.

Researchers found that tooth loss due to periodontal disease is associated with the risk indicators of age, male gender, smoking, lack of professional maintenance, inadequate oral hygiene, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis and anterior tooth type.

“In this study we evaluated 1,775 patients who had 3,694 teeth extracted,” said Dr. Khalaf F. Al-Shammari, Ministry of Health, Kuwait. “More teeth per patient were lost due to periodontal disease than for any other reason (those with periodontal disease lost 2.8 teeth versus 1.8 teeth lost for those without periodontal disease).”

Periodontal disease accounted for the majority of tooth extractions in patients older than 35 years (57 percent of teeth were lost for periodontal reasons compared to 43 percent lost for other reasons). Other findings are as follows:

* The most common medical history finding in all patients was diabetes mellitus at 19.2 percent followed by hypertension at 13.6 percent.
* A greater proportion of men lost their teeth due to periodontal reasons than women (33 percent for men versus 27 percent for women).
* Current and past smokers accounted for almost 31 percent
* 39 percent reported that they have never had a dental prophylaxis or periodontal maintenance visit.
* Self-reported tooth brushing frequency of the patients was low with only 16 percent brushing their teeth twice or more daily,
* Almost 60 percent either never brushed their teeth or used a toothbrush irregularly.

“Risk assessment is an important component of modern dental therapy,” said Kenneth A. Krebs, DMD and AAP president. “Identification of subjects with the greatest risk for periodontal disease severity and progression is essential for the proper allocation of preventive therapeutic measures to those individuals who would benefit most from such measures.”

Periodontal disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss worldwide. Periodontal therapy has proven to be effective in reducing the rate of tooth loss and establish the importance of patient compliance with maintenance therapy and proper oral hygiene measures.

Source: The American Academy of Periodontology

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Researchers Find Nine Risk Indicators For Tooth Loss: